How your goods are charge for shipping cost
Shipping cost is the main factor that determines the type of shipping line or airline to use by the shipper. Cost of shipping has been the first consideration because it will tell if the shipper of goods can adapt to the quote giving by freight forwarder. Cost will determine the demand for the services for either time or bulk movement of the goods.
How your goods are charge for air freight cost
The cost of air freight is based on the weight. The weight of the goods will be charges by the airlines for the goods to be moved from one country to the other. The weight of goods can be charges in two different ways.
- Actual weight of the goods – this is the mass of the goods for shipping. It can be in kilogram (kg) or pounds (lbs). countries like Nigeria, China, United Kingdom, South Africa, Brazil, Germany, India, Japan, Netherlands, United Arab Emirates and soon on use kilogram to measure the shipping cost for air freight.
Countries like Canada and United States of America use pound as the standard shipping cost for their air shipping cost.
- Volumetric weight – this is use if the space of the goods occupied by in air plane is much. When space of the goods is more than the weight claim by the shipper, the shipper will pay for the space instead of the weight of the items. The volumetric weight is calculated using the length, breath and height of the items. Example if the length, width and height of goods are 120cm, 60cm and 60cm respectively and the weight claim is 30kg, the volumetric weight will be 72 using this formula L x B x H divided by 6000. You can see that the volumetric weight is bigger than the actual weight.
How your goods are charge for sea freight cost
Sea freight cost is cheaper than air freight if it is bulky and voluminous. The sea freight are charged based on either the shipper’s good can contain a full container or it can be grouped with other shippers’ goods.
Low Container Load (LCL) – The idea of LCL is for shippers to maximize the standard container measure for cost effectiveness either 40 feet or 20 feet container size. The shipping charge will be per Cubic Meters (CBM), of which like 2 to 7 shippers can make use of a container of different sizes depending on the weight and volume of their goods. The shippers will be issued Bill of Lading each for tracking and ETA Expected Time of Arrival by the containers to the ports of destination.
Full Container Load (FCL) – This is method used whereby a shipper’s goods can full in any size of a container whether 20 or 40 ft container with the maximum of 18 tonnes to 32 tonnes respectively.
Do you have any questions about your goods shipping cost for your next shipment? you can can us for freight forwarding services